Geography : Our Country – India

Geography : The Earth Our Habitat For Class 6-A
Our Country – India

(Q.) Name our two island neighbours?

(1 Mark)

(Ans)
Our two island neighbours are: Sri Lanka & Maldives.

 

(Q.) How many Union Territories and States are there in India?

(1 Mark)

(Ans)
There are 28 States and 7 Union Territories in India.

 

(Q.) Name an oldest range of the world?

(1 Mark)

(Ans)
Aravalis is one the world’s oldest range.

 

(Q.) India is located in which hemisphere?

(1 Mark)

(Ans)
India is located in the northern hemisphere.

 

(Q.) What do you mean by the term Tributary?

(1 Mark)

(Ans)
A river or stream which contributes its water to a main river by discharging it into main river from other side.

 

(Q.) Define the term Lagoon.

(1 Mark)

(Ans)
Lagoon is a shallow trench of water, partly or completely separated from sea by a narrow strip of land.

 

(Q.) Define the term Peninsula.

(1 Mark)

(Ans)
The peninsula is a piece of land that is surrounded by water on three sides.

 

(Q.) What is the position of India in terms of population in the world?

(1 Mark)

(Ans)
India is the second most populous country of the world after China.

 

(Q.) What is the extent of India in terms of latitude and longitude?

(1 Mark)

(Ans)
India extends from north to south between 8o4’N and 37o6’N latitudes. From west to east India extends between 68o7’E and 97o25’E longitudes.

 

(Q.) Give the north-south extent of India.

(1 Mark)

(Ans)
The north-south extent of India from Kashmir to Kanyakumari is about 3,200km.

 

(Q.) Give the east-west extent of India.

(1 Mark)

(Ans)
The east-west extent of India from Arunachal Pradesh to Kuchchh is about 2,900 km.

 

(Q.) Which two states in India share the common capital?

(1 Mark)

(Ans)
Haryana and Punjab share the common capital.

 

(Q.) Which is the highest Himalayan peak in India?

(1 Mark)

(Ans)
Kanchenjunga is the highest Himalayan Peak of the world.

 

(Q.) Which parallel of latitude divides India into almost two equal parts?

(1 Mark)

(Ans)
Tropic of Cancer (23o30’N) divides India into two equal parts.

 

(Q.) Mention some of the hill stations in Himachal Himalayas ?

(2 Marks)

(Ans)

The famous hill stations in Himachal Himalayas are: Dalhousie, Shimla, Manali and Kasauli.

 

(Q.) Name some of the hills of Peninsular Plateau?

(2 Marks)

(Ans)
Some of the hills of peninsular plateau are: Nilgiris, Annamalai, Satpura and Vindhayas.

 

(Q.) Give the latitudinal & longitudinal extent of India?

(2 Marks)

(Ans)

Latitudinal extent – 804’n to 3706’N

Longitudinal extent – 6807’ E to 97025’ E

(Q.) Give the characteristics of the Western part of India?

(2 Marks)

(Ans)
In the western part of the country lies the Great Indian Desert. It is a dry, hot and sandy stretch of land. It has very little vegetation.

 

(Q.) How is the country divided administratively?

(2 Marks)

(Ans)
For the administrative purposes, the country is divided into 28 states and 7 union territories. Each state is further sub-divided into districts.

 

(Q.) Name the largest and the smallest states of India?

(2 Marks)

(Ans)

The largest state is Rajasthan.

The smallest state is Goa.

 

(Q.) Name some of the newly formed states of India ?

(2 Marks)

(Ans)

Some of the newly formed states are:

  • Chattisgarh
  • Uttaranchal
  • Jharkhand

 

(Q.) By what names do we know the second parallel range of Himalayas?

(2 Marks)

(Ans)
The second parallel range of Himalayas is known as Himachal Himalayas, middle Himalayas and lesser Himalayas.

 

(Q.) What is the significance of the great longitudinal extent of India?

(2 Marks)

(Ans)

Due to the great longitudinal extent of about29° there could be a wide difference in the localtime of two extremes of India.

 

(Q.) Which two rivers fall into the Arabian Sea?

(2 Marks)

(Ans)
Two rivers that fall into the Arabian Sea are:
1. Narmada River
2. Tapti River

 

(Q.) Name some of the union territories of India?

(2 Marks)

(Ans)

The union territories of India are:

  • Pondicherry
  • Diu
  • Chandigarh
  • Dadra & Nagar Haveli
  • Andaman & Nicobar
  • Lakshadweep
  • Delhi

(Q.) Why are northern plains very fertile?

(2 Marks)

(Ans)
The northern plains are formed by alluvial deposits. The alluvium is the fertile soil brought down by rivers. So, they are fertile.

(Q.) How did people of Andaman survived the 2004 Tsunami?

(3 Marks)

(Ans)
Their awareness of the ocean and its movements has been accumulated over years of inhabiting the islands. The isolated tribes of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands survived the tsunami of December 26, left their coastal settlements when the water receded. They had set up temporary camps in the forests of their island, Little Andaman.

 

(Q.) Name the states which are located on Tropic of Cancer?

(3 Marks)

(Ans)
Tropic of Cancer passes from Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram.

 

(Q.)

Give the capital of the following states:

  • · Meghalaya
  • · Assam
  • · Nagaland

(3 Marks)

(Ans)

The capitals are:

  • Meghalaya - Shillong
  • Assam - Dispur
  • Nagaland - Kohima

 

(Q.) Name some of the states on the western coast of India?

(3 Marks)

(Ans)

The states on the western coast are:

  • Gujarat
  • Maharasthra
  • Goa
  • Karnataka
  • ·Kerala

 

(Q.) Name some of the important rivers of India?

(3 Marks)

(Ans)

Some of the important rivers of India are:

  • Ganga
  • Indus
  • Brahmaputra
  • Mahanadi
  • Krishna
  • Kaveri
  • Godavari
  • Narmada
  • ·Tapi

 

(Q.) Name the states which form the northern plains?

(3 Marks)

(Ans)

The northern plains cover the states of:

  • Punjab
  • Haryana
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Jharkhand
  • Bihar
  • West Bengal

 

(Q.) Name the seven countries that share land boundaries with India.

(3 Marks)

(Ans)
The seven countries that share land boundaries with India are:

1. Sri Lanka

2. Pakistan

3. Bangladesh

4. China

5. Bhutan

6. Myanmar

7.Nepal

(Q.) Define the term delta. Give one example of delta.

(3 Marks)

(Ans)

A delta is a landform that is created at the mouth of a river where that river flows into an ocean, sea .Deltas are formed from the deposition of the sediment carried by the river as the flow leaves the mouth of the river.

Herodotus the great historian coined the term delta for the Nile River delta because the sediment deposited at its mouth had the shape of the Greek letter Delta: Δ.

The Ganga and Brahmaputra form the world’s largest delta which is calledthe Sunderban delta.

(Q.) What are Coral Islands?

(3 Marks)

(Ans)
Corals are skeletons of tiny marine animals Polyps. When the living polyps die, their skeletons are left. Other polyps grow on the top of the hard skeleton which grows higher and higher, thus forming coral islands.Lakshadweep Island in Arabian sea is the example of coral island.

(Q.) How has Suez Canal affected the trade and commerce of India in the world?

(3 Marks)

(Ans)
India is well connected with South West Asia, Africa and Europe and even North and South America through Suez Canal and the Cape of Good Hope. Suez Canal is an international highway of trade and commerce and India gets advantages of this highway linking east with west.

(Q.) Discuss the locational setting of India?

(3 Marks)

(Ans)
India is located in the northern hemisphere. The Tropic of Cancer (23°30’N) passes almost halfway through the country. From south to north, India extends between 804’N and 3706’N latitudes. From west to east, India extends between 68°7’E and 97°25’E longitudes.

(Q.) Why is India said to be a country of vast expanse?

(3 Marks)

(Ans)
India has an area of about 3.28 million sq.km. The north–south extent from Kashmir to Kanyakumari is about 3,200 km. The east–west extent from Arunachal Pradesh to Kuchchh is about 2,900 km. The lofty mountains, the Great Indian Desert, the Northern Plains, the uneven plateau surface and the coasts and islands present a diversity of landform

(Q.)

Write the name of states in front of each capital:

  • · Itanagar
  • · Imphal
  • · Aizwal
  • · Agartala

(4 Marks)

(Ans)

Itanagar – Arunachal Pradesh

Imphal - Manipur

Aizwal- Mizoram

Agartala - Tripura

(Q.) In India, maximum population is found in Northern plains. Why?

(4 Marks)

(Ans)

The major proportion of India’s population is concentrated in northern plains because:

  • It is a flat area.
  • It is very fertile and suitable for cultivation.
  • Transportation is easily available.
  • It has suitable climate.

(Q.) Write a note on Ganga-Brahmaputra delta?

(4 Marks)

(Ans)
1) The Ganga and the Brahmaputra forms the worlds largest delta.
2) It is known as Sunderbans.
3) It is fastest growing delta.
4) It is the most fertile delta.

(Q.) Write a short note on Peninsular plateau?

(4 Marks)

(Ans)

The peninsular plateau:

  • ·Lies to the south of northern plains
  • It is triangular in shape.
  • It is a region of numerous hill ranges.
  • It is rocky and uneven.

(Q.) Distinguish between Andaman Islands and Lakshadweep islands?

(4 Marks)

(Ans)

Andaman Islands Lakshadweep islands
1) They are numerous 1) They area few in number
2) They are volcanic in origin 2) They are coral in origin
3) They are in Bay of Bengal 3) They are in Arabian Sea
4) They are arrange in linear pattern 4) They are arrange in floral pattern

(Q.) Distinguish between eastern coastal plains and western coastal plains?

(4 Marks)

(Ans)

Eastern Coastal Plains Western Coastal Plains
1) They are broad 1) They area narrow
2) They are dissected by number of rivers 2) There are two main rivers
3) The rivers form deltas 3) The rivers form estuary
4) They lie between Bay of Bengal and Eastern Ghats 4) They lie between Arabian Sea and Western Ghats

(Q.) Name the major physical divisions of India.

(4 Marks)

(Ans)
There are four major physical divisions of India:

1. The Great Himalayas

2. The Northern Plains

3.The Peninsular Plateau

4. The Coastal Plains and Islands

(Q.) Distinguish between Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats?

(4 Marks)

(Ans)

Western Ghats Eastern Ghats
1) They provide western boundary to the peninsular plateau 1) They provide eastern boundary to the peninsular plateau
2) They have steep slope 2) They have gentle slope
3) They are narrow 3) They are broad
4)They are continuous 4) They are broken

 

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